Written by Lou-Ann Jordan

Health Made Simple: Diabetes

diabetes-app

In this second instalment Find Yello Healthcare Made Simple we look at diabetes.

Remember our aim is to make it as simple as possible for you to understand.

Let’s begin demystifying this disease that is widespread.

Diabetes occurs when one’s blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high.  Glucose is the body’s main source of energy and is produced from the food we eat.  To do this insulin, a hormone created by the pancreas must be produced. When the body fails to make enough insulin or to use it properly glucose stays in the blood.  This causes health problems.

Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 is more severe.

People affected by type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin.   And as such need daily dosages of insulin to stay alive.

When left untreated type 1 diabetes can cause damage to:

  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Heart

People with type two differs do not produce enough insulin or use it well. It is the most common form of diabetes and though it can be developed at any age, it is more prevalent in older people.

Type 2 diabetes is often referred to as ‘adult on-set’ diabetes. This type of diabetes is linked to persons who are overweight.    The goal of treatment is to aid the body in using its own insulin more efficiently.

Managing Diabetes

Diabetes is incurable.   Blood sugar levels at the appropriate range must be maintained to stay healthy.  Factors which impact upon blood sugar level are stress, food, exercise and general health.

Some quick tips for managing diabetes are:

Take the test.  Check your blood glucose levels regularly or as recommended by your physician

Determine and maintain your blood pressure level goal.  Your healthcare provider can guide you.

Keep your bad cholesterol low.  There are two types.  There is low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein. What you need to remember is LDL is bad.  It can clog your arteries causing a heart attack.

Get moving.  You have to exercise.  Let physical activity become part of your weekly routine.

Create a meal plan.  Diligently guard what goes into your body. Pay attention to what you eat and ensure it does not affect your glucose, cholesterol or blood pressure levels negatively.  Foods that are lower in calories, trans and saturated fat, as well as sugar and salt, are better choices.

Be sure to keep abreast of new discoveries and practice healthy lifestyle habits and manage your diabetes.

And, to find a medical practitioner near you please search Yello’s Doctors-Medical listing.

Stay healthy.

Sources: WebMD, Medical News Today

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