Written by Karen Rollins

This week in history: October 8th-14th

A look at some of the key events which took place around the world during this week – October 8th- 14th.

October 8th

1862 – Otto von Bismarck became Chancellor of the German Empire.

1971 – Former Beatle John Lennon released one of his most famous songs ‘Imagine’.

1985 – Singer Peter Gene Hernandez, better known as Bruno Mars, was born in Hawaii.

2001 – US President George W Bush announced the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security.

October 9th

1855 – American inventor Isaac Singer patented the sewing machine motor.

1940 – British musician and Beatles singer John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England. He was shot dead in 1980.

1953 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill approved the Guyanese Constitution.

2012 – Women’s rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai was shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she boarded her school bus in northwest Pakistan.

October 10th

1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 killed 20,000 to 30,000 people in the Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. It was the Atlantic Ocean’s deadliest recorded hurricane.

1903 – Emmeline Pankhurst formed ‘The Women’s Social and Political Union’ to fight for women’s rights in Britain.

1911 – British war correspondent Clare Hollingworth, who was the first journalist to report on the outbreak of WWII, was born in Knighton, England. She died in 2017.

2014 – Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

2015 – A bombing at a peace rally in Ankara, Turkey killed at least 95 people and injured 200.

October 11th

1737 – An earthquake killed 300,000 people and destroyed half of Calcutta, India.

1945 – The Chinese civil war began between the Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong’s Communist Party.

1992 – American rapper, Belcalis Almanzar, also known as Cardi B was born in New York City, USA.

2000 – The South African Cricket Board issued former captain Hansie Cronje with a lifetime ban after he was found guilty of match-fixing.

2001 – Writer V.S. Naipaul, who was born in Trinidad and Tobago and died in August 2018, was awarded the Noble Prize for Literature.

October 12th

1492 – Explorer Christopher Columbus made landfall on a Caribbean island he named San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). Columbus believed he had reached East Asia.

1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt renames “Executive Mansion” as “The White House”.

1935 – Italian operatic tenor, Luciano Pavarotti, was born in Modena, Italy.

1985 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher survives an assassination attempt after the IRA bombs the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where the Conservative Party were staying and holding a conference. Five people were killed.

1999 – The six billionth living human being was born somewhere in the world.

October 13th

1884 – Greenwich in London was established as the universal time meridian of longitude.

1925 – Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England. She died in 2013.

1943 – Italy declared war on former Axis partner Germany.

2015 – Author Marlon James becomes the first Jamaican to win the Man Booker Prize for his novel ‘A Brief History of Seven Killings’ which is loosely based on an attempt to kill reggae singer Bob Marley.

October 14th

1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.

1926 – A. A. Milne’s famous book ‘Winnie the Pooh’ was released.

1927 – British actor Roger Moore, best known for playing 007 James Bond, was born in London. He died in 2017.

1952 – The UN General Assembly held it first meeting at its new headquarters in New York.

1964 – Human rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. was announced as the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Source: On This Day


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